The New Testament
Return to Glory to the FatherThe New Law (Beatitudes) Divine Law - Enacted by God and made known to man through Jesus Christ.
The New Law identified in the New Testament
(Matthew5:3-12). Christ is the author
Fulfilled and perfected the Old Law.
Kingdom of God embraces all nations.
Christ's death on cross sealed the New Covenant between God and all men.
Heavenly sanctuary now open to all.
The Paschal Sacrifice of the Mass renews the New Covenant each time it is offered.
Note: Christ came to fulfill and perfect the moral precepts of the Moral Law.
The Gospel message raised the people above the civil and the ceremonial
precepts of the Mosaic Law and required Israel and all nations to be
governed by the Divine Will.
Fulfills the moral precepts of The Law. Charity (love toward God and man)
as the motive for action rather than fear of punishment.
Fulfilled the spirit and letter of The Law.
All should obey with motives of charity.
Spiritual blessings take precedence over temporal possessions.
Focus on joys of eternal life over pleasures of the world.
Strive to be perfect as your Father in heaven is perfect.
Note: The Catholic Church by virtue of the commission given to her by Christ is the Divinely constituted interpreter of Divine Law in both the Old and New Testaments. "I say to you Peter, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (Matthew 16:18-19)
New Law In the New Testament (Matthew 5:3-10)
Jesus Christ - Sermon on the Mount
Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are the meek, for they shall possess the earth.
Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for justice, for they shall be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the clean of heart, for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God.
Blessed are they who suffer persecution for justice' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are you when men reproach you, and persecute you, and, speaking falsely, say all manner of evil against you for my sake. Rejoice and exult, because your reward is great in heaven; for so did they persecute the prophets who were before you.
A. Law of love - to love as God loves, to carry out our duties of life.
B. Respect his representatives:
Those who participate in her authority do so as ministers of Christ's Church.
The Pope, Bishops, priests, religious and lay men and women in union with the Pope.
C. All who act under inspiration of the Holy Spirit and Angels as they conform with God's will.
D. Condition of Blessedness (Beatitude) is the ultimate goal of human life.
We move toward this goal as our actions are directed by the Virtues and Gifts of the Holy Spirit.
The Activity of the Holy Spirit
IV Movements of the Holy Spirit.
A. Natural Virtues - Virtues are ways of acting
which we can accomplish ourselves for our own physical and
1. Physical - for a sound body.
2. Mental - for a sound mind.
B. Supernatural Virtues (helps for acting in ways not possible using the Natural Virtues alone. They are gifts from God for our spiritual well-being. Habits are thoughts and actions which have God as their object.
Through the perfecting power of God's grace, we are motivated toward attitudes above those which are merely natural. God's supernatural life encourages us toward actions inspired by:
- To firmly believe all the truths God has revealed, on the Word
of God revealing them, because he can neither deceive nor be
2. Hope - To trust God will provide the means for our salvation.
3. Charity - To love God with one's whole heart and mind, and one's neighbor as oneself out of love for God.
a. Corporal Works of Mercy - Works of Charity for my neighbor’s physical well-being.
I must feed the hungry.
I must give drink to the thirsty.
I must clothe the naked.
I must shelter the homeless.
I must visit the sick.
I must visit the imprisoned.
I must bury the dead.
b. Spiritual Works of Mercy - Works of Charity for my neighbor’s spiritual well-being.
I must counsel the doubtful.
I must instruct the ignorant.
I must admonish he sinner.
I must comfort the sorrowful.
I must forgive injuries.
I must bear wrongs patiently.
I must pray for the living and the dead.
C. Moral Virtues (Cardinal – most important, upon which others depend). - We deal with other persons and things as directed by our love of God, in cooperation with his grace, and according to his will.
1. Prudence - Helps me to decide what is truly
2. Justice - Helps me to give everyone his due.
3. Fortitude - Helps me to overcome difficulties in going good and avoiding evil.
4. Temperance - Helps me to be moderate in the use of food, drink and legitimate pleasures.
5. Additional Virtues:
a). Patriotism - Love of one’s country to the extent of giving up life for its defense subject to morality.
b). Filial Piety - Respect as a child of God for God the Father, for our parents, and for those in authority.
c). Obedience - Recognize and carry out orders of legitimate superiors.
Sinful commands may never be followed.
d). Veracity - Saying in speech what one honestly believes to be true.
e). Liberality - Generosity in material, spiritual and intellectual gifts.
f). Patience - Endure the trials of life in resignation to God’s will without despair.
g). Humility - An appreciation and external expression of one’s true position to God and neighbor.
h). Purity - Freedom from sin in soul, heart, conscience, motive or intention.
V. Gifts of the Holy Spirit - Given to us as He dwells in our soul prompting us to be holy.
A. Wisdom - To find joy in the things
of God and judge everything according to God's standards.
B. Understanding - Helps me to grasp and appreciate the mysteries of God’s love for us.
1. Helps me to see what is best for the glory of God, for mine and my neighbor’s salvation.
2. Supernatural common sense.
D. Fortitude - Permits one to face the evils he dreads.
E. Knowledge - Helps me to recognize the value of created things as they point toward God.
F. Piety - Helps me to love and respect God out of love rather than duty.
G. Fear of the Lord - Helps to respect and follow God’s laws because he is our father rather than
out of fear.
Fruits of the
Holy Spirit - Result from our cooperation
with the Gifts of the Holy Spirit. Good attitudes are
formed which encourage us to practice the following:
A. Charity - Actions driven by love for God and neighbor.
B. Joy - Helps a person serve God cheerfully.
C. Peace - The mind is untroubled in face of spiritual or temporal trials.
D. Patience - Bear the trials of life with resignation to God’s will, not giving in to sadness.
E. Benignity - Kindness, gentleness, sympathy, wishing well for others.
F. Goodness - Something is pleasing because its worth and value flow from God.
G. Long-suffering - Christian endurance of evils over a long period of time out of love for God.
H. Mildness - Gentleness but not softness without strength.
I. Faith - Believe all that God has revealed because he can neither deceive nor be deceived.
J. Modesty - Moderation in all things, behavior and dress, respect for one’s worth.
K. Continence - Voluntarily with one’s partner abstain from legitimate marital intercourse.
1. Single persons - Exclude all indulgence in and voluntary pleasure from the sexual act.
2. Married persons - Control of the sexual appetite according to right reason. Intercourse between husband with lawful wife is chastity.
The New and Eternal Covenant
Take this, all of you, and drink from it, for this is the chalice of my Blood, the Blood of the new and eternal covenant, which will be poured out for you and for many for the forgiveness of sins.
Do this in memory of me.
(Prayers at the Consecration during the Mass)
Now, all have access to the heavenly sanctuary.
Behold the Lamb of God, behold him
who takes away the sins of the
Blessed are those called to the supper of the Lamb.
Priest / All: Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter
under my roof, but only say the word and my soul
shall be healed.
(Prayers at the Communion of the Mass)